Учебное пособие по практической фонетике английского языка "english sounds and intonation" для студентов I и II курсов



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Exercise 4 b. Make similar conversations, using information from the airport arrivals information board.

ARRIVALS

FLIGHT NO

FROM

TIME DUE




BА 280

Belgium

8.10

on time

BA 282

Edinburgh

8.17

delayed

BA 286

Denmark

8.25

on time

BА 287

Spain

8.28

delayed

BA 289

Norway

8.38

delayed


Lesson 2.

Contrasted sounds:

[əʊ] and [ɔ:]

Exercise . Distinguish between [əʊ] and [ɔ:]. Listen, and practise the difference.



low

law

toe

tore

Joe

jaw

tone

torn

yoke, yolk

York

snow

snore

boat

bought

hole

hall

cold

called

sew, sow

saw

bowl

ball

show

shore

Exercise .Listen to the words. Write the words you here.

Exercise . Listen to the sentences. For each one, write the word you hear.



  1. The hole/hall is enormous.

  2. I think your bowl/ball is in the kitchen, •

  3. The coal/call was delayed.

  4. We’re going to the show/shore next week.

Exercise . Say [əʊ]. Listen to this airline pilot, and practise what he says.

Hello, this is Captain Oates speaking. Below us is the coast of Italy. We are very close to Rome - the road below us goes from Rome to the coast. We shall fly over the city before landing. Please obey the NO SMOKING notices.



Lesson 3.

Consonants in comparison:

[m], [n] - [ŋ]

Exercise 1. Distinguish between [n] and [ŋ]. Listen, and practise the difference.



sin

sing

sinner

singer

ran

rang

win

wing

ton

tongue

thin

thing

son, sun

sung

ban

bang

Exercise 2. Listen to the words. Write the words you here.

Exercise 3. Listen to the sentences. For each one, write the word you hear.

1. Stop sinning/singing.

2. He ran/rang home.

3. I think they will ban/bang it.

4. She’s a terrible sinner/singer.

Exercise 4. Say [m]. Listen, and practise this conversation.

A: We must make sure the front bedroom is warm.

B: Why?

A: Don’t you remember? My mother and father are coming tomorrow.



B: What time?

A: I’m going to meet them at the airport at four. Can you come?

B: No, I won’t be home from work in time. But I’ll be home in time to say ‘Welcome’.

Exercise 5. Say [ŋ]. Listen, and practise this conversation.

A: Good evening. My guest tonight is the young singer, Kay King.

B: Good evening.



A: Kay, what were you doing earlier today?

В: I was recording a song called ‘Bells are Ringing’.



A: Did the recording go well?

B: Yes. Sometimes everything goes wrong, but today nothing went wrong. I think ‘Bells are Ringing’ is going to be the top song, this spring.

Exercise 6. Say [n] and [ŋ]. Listen, and practise this television announcement.

Britain has won the European Golden Song Contest, for the ninth time. The winning song is ‘Bells are Ringing’, sung by Kay King. Last year’s winners, Sweden, came second. Their new song is called ‘Bing Bang Bong’. Runners-up were Denmark, with the song ‘It’s Spring Again, I’m Young Again’.



Lesson 4.

Consonants in comparison:

[l] and [r]

Exercise 1. Distinguish between [l] and [r]. Listen, and practise the difference.



lip

rip

list

wrist

lap

rap, wrap

belly

berry

light

right

collect

correct

law

raw

alive

arrive

lead

read

long

wrong

Exercise 2. Listen to the words. Write the words you here.

Exercise 3. Listen to the sentences. For each one, write the word you hear.

1. The water goes through a lead/red pipe.

2. Let go out of my list/wrist.

3. She weighed the packet, and found the weight was light/right.

4. The examiner is collecting/correcting the exam papers today.

5. He dialed a long/wrong number.

6. Mr Lyon/Ryan is here.

Exercise 4. Say [l]. Listen, and practise this comentary on a guided tour.

Ladies and gentlemen, on your left you will see Lumley Castle. This belongs to Lord and Lady Lumley, who live here with their family. All the land on the left of the road belongs to the Lumleys. They have a famous collection of wild animals, including lions, so please do not leave the coach until we are safely inside the car park. We are lucky; Lord Lumley is allowing us to leave the grounds and go inside this beautiful stately home. Most people can only look at the castle from outside. The time now is quarter to eleven. Please return to the coach by quarter past twelve. Don’t be late, or we’ll miss lunch.

Exercise 5. Say [r]. Listen, and practise this conversation at a hotel reception desk.

A: Good evening. My name is Bridget Rees. I’ve got a room reserved.

B: Oh Ms Rees. We thought you were coming tomorrow. We have reserved a room for you tomorrow night.

A: Tomorrow night? But I wrote to you. I made the arrangements by phone. Then I wrote and confirmed the reservation.

B: Don’t worry. I’m sure there is a room free tonight… Yes, Room 3 is free. Would you sign the register, and I’ll ring for the porter. He’ll carry your cases to your room.



A: Could you go and post this letter, please?

В: I can’t go out. It's snowing, and I've got a cold.



A: Blow your nose, and put your coat on. You’ll be OK.

В: I’ll get frozen.

A: Only if you go slowly. Walk quickly.

B: I can’t walk quickly. The ground is frozen. It’s like the South Pole.

A: Oh, stop moaning. I’ll go.

Lesson 5.

Contrasted sounds:

[aɪ], [ɔɪ] and [aʊ]

Exercise 1 a. Say [aɪ]. Listen, and say these words. Notice which words contain [aɪ].



List A:

white

kitchen

pint

ripe

apple




ice

sharp

fried







List B:

pie

glass

knife

cream

table




wine

rice

fruit







Exercise 1 b. Put a word from List A with a word from List В to make a phrase connected with cooking, eating or drinking.

e.g. white wine

Exercise 2 a. Listen, and say these sums:

5 × 5 = 25 Five times five makes twenty-five.

9 ÷ 3 = 3 Nine divided by three makes three.

90 - 5 = 85 Ninety minus five makes eighty-five.



Exercise 2 b . Say these sums, with the answers!

5 × 9 =

99 ÷ 9 =

35 ÷ 5 =

19 – 5 =

19 - 10 =

9 × 10 =

Exercise 3. Say [ɔɪ]. Listen, and practise this conversation:

A: Could I make an appointment with Doctor Boyle?

B: I’m afraid all Dr Boyle’s appointments are taken today.



A: How annoying! I like Dr Boyle.

B: Sorry to disappoint you. Now, you’ve got a choice. You could make an appointment to see Dr Boyle tomorrow, or see Dr Lloyd today.



A: My employer has given me time off to go to the doctor. I’d better see Dr Lloyd today.

Exercise 4. Say [аʊ]. Listen, and read out three extracts from hotel brochures.

South Beach Hotel is right on the seafront close to the Lighthouse. It has its own paddling pool and children's playground There it a discount for children sharing their parent's room.

Just outside the town, to the south, is Landwater House. This beautiful old house has been the home of the Townsend family for four hundred years. Now John and Mary Townsend have turned it into an outstanding Country House Hotel.



Fountains Hotel is opposite the Town Hall. It takes its name from the fountains in front of the Town Hail. It has a beautiful flower garden, and an underground car park. There is a telephone in every room with direct dialling facilities.



Lesson 6.

Contrasted vowels:

[eə] - [ɪə]

Exercise 1. Distinguish between [eə] and [ɪə]. Listen, and practise the difference.



hair

here, hear

dare

dear, deer

bear

beer

chair

cheer

air

car

Clare

clear

fair, fare

fear

stare

steer

rare

rear

spare

spear

pear

pier

rarely

really

Exercise 2. Listen to the words. Write the words you here.

Exercise 3. Listen to the sentences. For each one, write the word you hear.

1. They gave her three chairs/cheers.

2. The bear/beer was awful.

3. The pear/pier is rotten.

4. He is rarely/really unhappy.

5. The driver of that car is staring/steering at us.

Exercise 4. Say [eə]. Listen, and practise the conversation. Listen carefully to the intonation.

A: Excuse me, I’m looking for Miss O’Dare. Do you know where she is?

B: She's gone to Trafalgar Square.

A: Do you know where, exactly?

B: To the Headquarters of the Dairy Council.

A: Why has she gone there?

B: She has got a dairy. It's called Mary’s Dairy.

A: I thought she was a hairdresser.

B: Oh you mean Clare O’Dare. She's upstairs. It’s her sister Mary who's gone to Trafalgar Square.

Exercise 5 a. Say [ɪə]. Listen and read out this letter.

LEARY BEER COMPANY

Brewers of real beer for 70 years’



21 Clearwater Avenue,

Веrе Regis
Mr. A. J. Pierce,

Pierce’s Detective Agency,

14 Steerforth Street,

Bere Regis
Dear Mr. Pierce,

We have a serious problem here at Leary’s. Barrels of beer keep disappearing from the cellar. I fear we have a thief here. It is clear to me that your experience would be valuable in solving these mysterious disappearances.

Yours sincerely,

P.G. Leary



Exercise 5 b. Use information from the letter in 3a to complete the conversation below. Practise the conversation.

MR PIERCE: Pierce’s Detective Agency. Can I help you?

MR LEARY: Good morning. My name is ____________________,

from the ____________________ Company. I fear we have a ____________________ problem.

MR PIERCE: Oh dear. What appears to be happening?

MR LEARY: Barrels of ____________________ are ____________________ from the cellar.

MR pierce: Has beer ever disappeared before?

MR leary: No. The Leary Beer Company has been brewing ____________________ for ____________________ and no beer has ever ____________________ before this ____________________. It appears that we have a thief ____________________. It is clear that we need someone with your ____________________ to solve these ____________________.

Lesson 7.

Consonants in comparison:

[θ] and [s]

Exercise 1. Distinguish between [θ] and [s]. Listen, and practise the difference.



thick

sick

path

pass

think

sink

mouth

mouse

theme

seem

moth

moss

thumb

sum

worth

worse

thing

sing

tenth

tense

Exercise 2. Listen to the words. Write the words you here.

Exercise 3. Listen to the sentences. For each one, write the word you hear.

1. Be careful! He’s thinking/sinking.

2. What’s the matter? Your thumb/sum doesn’t look right.

3. There’s a path/pass high up in the mountains.

4. Every mouth/mouse is different.

5. That moth/moss was shown in a television programme.

Exercise . Say [θ] and [s]. Listen, and practise this conversation.



A: I think there’s something wrong with me.

B: What’s the matter?



A: I’ve got a sore throat.

B: That doesn’t sound very serious.



A: My throat has been sore for three days. And I’m thirsty.

B: Well the weather is hot. I expect that’s why you feel thirsty.

A: You’re not very sympathetic. I’m thinking of going to the Health Centre. If there’s anything seriously wrong with my throat, Doctor Thorne will see to me.

B: I don’t think it’s worth it. Doctor Thorne will be less sympathetic than me.



Lesson 8.

Consonants in comparison:

[ð] and [z]

Exercise 1. Distinguish between [ð] and [z]. Listen, and practise the difference.



breathe

breeze

then

Zen

teething

teasing

though

zone

clothing

closing

this

zip

bathe

bays

these

zero

Exercise 2. Listen to the words. Write the words you here.

Exercise 3 a. Say [ð] and [z]. There are some photographs of Susan and Jonathan's wedding. Some of their friends are talking about the photographs. Listen, and repeat what they say.





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